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ENGW 103/104

Comparing Source Types

  Scholarly Popular Trade
Author Scholars/researchers; the author's credentials and affiliations are provided Journalists Experts in a field
Audience Scholars and experts The general public Professionals
Language Specialized jargon; may not be easily understood by those outside the discipline Professional but understandable for a general audience Specialized vocabulary/jargon understood by those in the industry
Evidence Other scholarly sources; data from studies. Sources are always noted in in-text citations or footnotes and a corresponding bibliography May include quotes from interviews or information from sources; often the sources of information are unnamed May include data from studies or author's experience
Content To report the results of research; to inform; to advance an original idea To entertain, inform, or report on a current event To inform those in the field of current industry news or research
Review Peer-reviewed by other scholars in the field May be fact-checked; edited for form and content Edited by other experts in the field