Currency: The timeliness of the information.
- When was the information published, posted, or updated?
- If the information is not current, does your topic require current information?
Relevance: The importance of the information for your needs.
- Does the information relate to your topic or answer your research question?
- Who is the intended audience?
- Is the information at an appropriate level for your need and audience?
Authority: The source of the information.
- Who is the author/publisher/source/sponsor?
- What are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations?
- Is the author qualified to write on the topic?
- Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source?
Accuracy: The reliability, truthfulness, and correctness of the content.
- Is the information supported by evidence or cited reference?
- Has the information been reviewed or peer-reviewed?
- Are there spelling, grammar, or typographical errors?
Purpose: The intended purpose of the author (why the information exists) and the purpose we impose based on our beliefs, values, and worldview.
- What is the purpose of the information (inform, teach, sell, entertain and/or persuade)?
- Is the information fact, opinion, or propaganda?
- What past experience or knowledge helps you analyze this information?