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EDUC 542 - Research Methods in Education

Quantitative Methodology

Qualitative research by definition analyzes measurable data with the use of statistics.  Statistics can be calculated using software programs.  Along with SPSS, which is available on campus computers, there are other software programs that are free to download.

For an overview of quantitative research, check out this online tutorial from the Center for Innovation in Teaching and Research at Grand Canyon University.

Quantitative Data Analysis tools

Commercial Statistical Software

SPSS is one of the most commonly used statistics and data analysis program in business, education, and academic research.  It is available on all public campus computers and you can also download a free 30 day evaluation copy of the software.  .- 

SPSS Statistics Essential Training from Lynda.com


Excel can be used for descriptive statistics and for more complex analysis with the Analysis ToolPak installed (available for all versions of Excel for PC but only Excel for MAC 2016). 


Free Statistical Software

R is a free software environment for statistical computing and graphics. It runs on both Window and MAC.  Download R from the project site.  If you would like a graphical user interface, download a free version of RStudio.

R Statistics Essential Training from Lynda.com


PSPP  (download from the PSPP website) is a program for statistical analysis of sampled data. It is a free alternative for SPSS, and has a similar look and feel.

It can perform descriptive statistics, T-tests, anova, linear and logistic regression, measures of association, cluster analysis, reliability and factor analysis, non-parametric tests and more.


OpenStat  (download from the OpenStat website) is a a general stats package for Windows.  However, it can be installed on a MAC using Wine. 

OpenStat has an SPSS-like user interface.  The web site has help documentation in the form of videos, ebooks, and user manuals.  Links to the Springer ebooks:


SOFA, Statistics Open For All, is a free "user-friendly statistics, analysis, & reporting program. It is free, with an emphasis on ease of use, learn as you go, and beautiful output."  Online user guide.


Comprehensive list of free statistical analysis software packages